• Buzludzha – trespassing into the past

    Why, I asked myself, am I doing this? I’ve not slept properly for days, I’m in a town I’ve never heard of before, stuck in the middle of a thunderstorm, looking for a bus to yet another town that a week ago I’d never heard of. Why?

    I’d just got off a 5 hour train ride from Bucharest to a town called Gora Oryahovitsa in Bulgaria and was sheltering inside the station as outside the rain came down in sheets whilst flashes of lightning illuminated the gloom outside. I was looking for a number 10 bus to another town called Veliko Tarnova, but there was no sign of numbers on any of the buses outside the station, and a poster board indicated that if there was a number 10 bus it actually left from someway away from the station anyway. I wasn’t supposed to be here I thought. This wasn’t the plan, I wasn’t supposed to be here, I was supposed to be in Istanbul. Well, in actual fact I was “supposed” to be in Istanbul a month ago according the long forgotten timetable I had drawn up for my travels, but this latest plan to be in Istanbul had only been drawn up two days earlier and yet I’d already discarded it and so here I was, on my own, probably about to get very wet and lost instead of being on a bus to Istanbul with a fellow backpacker I had first met way back in Mostar.

    The rain showed no sign of easing, but another numberless minibus had just pulled up with “Veliko Tarnova” written in Cyrillic on a card in the windshield. Better than waiting in the rain I thought, and I hopped on.

    Half hour later I was in Veliko Tarnova. Well sort off… I as on the outskirts of town, some two and a half miles away from where my hostel was. “Why am I doing this?” I thought again. Still at least it had stopped raining…

    Veliko Tarnova

    Veliko Tarnova in better weather

    Arriving at the hostel, the girl at reception pointed out on a map the various sights in Veliko Tarnova, the ancient capital of old Bulgaria, but I knew they weren’t what I was here to see. What I was here to see, what I was willing to brave strange towns, confusing buses and torrential rain for, was on top of a mountain an hour and a half’s drive away. A discarded relic of Bulgaria’s past, left to fall into ruin and apparently so awe-inspiring as to become something of a whispered legend amongst backpackers and travellers passing through Bulgaria.

    That relic is Buzludzha.

    Or to give it its official name, “The House-Monument of the Bulgarian Communist Party“.

    Or to give it its unofficial name, the “UFO” building.

    Buzludzha through clouds

    Emerging from the mist and cloud

    Built on an isolated mountain top by the communist government both as a rally and meeting point for the Communist party and to commemorate various anniversaries, (90 years since the forming of the Bulgarian Socialist Democratic Party, 1,300 years since the founding of the first Bulgarian state, and furthermore commemorating several important victories by Bulgarian and Russian forces against the Turks in the 19th Century) it was completed in 1981 and yet by the end of 1989 it was abandoned as the Communist regime fell. Unlike in Romania, where the former regime’s craziest building scheme, the enormous Palace of the Parliaments was (if somewhat reluctantly) adapted by the new democratic powers to the new political realities, the UFO building at Buzludzha was simply abandoned, its copper taken away for new uses, the mosaic faces of Bulgaria’s old leaders destroyed and the building and the roads to it, left to face the elements. And on top of a mountain in the middle of Bulgaria, the elements can do quite a lot…

    Getting there from Veliko Tarnova actually proved surprisingly easy. At the hostel I had quickly met two fellow travellers, one of which had heard of the monument and another of which I was soon able to convince it would be worth the time and effort to see. Even better, they could drive, so the next morning, a hire car and a pleasant drive along Bulgarian roads later and we would be there.

    It was fair to say that the next day the weather decided it was not going to fully co-operate. Heavy mist and low cloud meant visibility was minimal. The sight of the monument emerging as you drive up the hill is apparently an awesome sight. Unfortunately I can neither confirm or deny that this is the case as we weren’t able to see the building until we almost drove into it! And whilst this, and the wind and the rain denied us some photo opportunities of the views over Bulgaria from the mountain top, it added perfectly to the haunted atmosphere of what is without doubt the most surreal and eery place I have ever been to.

    Giant concrete letters spelling out slogans in Bulgarian

    These slogans have seen better days…

    Outside Buzludzha

    They don’t build buildings like this anymore…

    Buzludzha tower

    The tower from the ouside

    The monument is officially closed to the public, but access is not difficult to find, just right of the main doors, a hole has been made in what I think used to be a window. A pile of stones had been helpfully piled up next to it, so a tight squeeze later, we were in.

    Getting in through a hole

    Diets might be required for some visitors…

    The entrance hall was, I admit, slightly underwhelming, although with several stair cases leading both up and down it did at least quickly show the opportunities for exploring and get us out of the worst of the wind and rain. Selecting the main staircase we proceeded up to the auditorium, where we caught our first glimpse of the decaying ceiling, with light, clouds and rain bursting through the numerous gaps. It literally takes your breath away.

    View of the ceiling


    We had been in the building barely a minute but had the trip ended there and then all three of us would still have happily agreed that it would have been worth the effort of getting here. It’s difficult to get across with words just what this place is like, it feels unreal, like you are stuck in a scene in some post apocalyptic film or video game. Bits of ceiling hung loose, puddles covered much of the floor and insulation could be seen, both hanging from the ceiling frame and piled up on the ground. I rather suspected this contained asbestos so we tried our best to avoid it.

    Buzludzha main auditorium

    Buzludzha main auditorium

    Evidence of the grandeur is still visible, the mosaic faces of Lenin, Marx and Engels relatively undamaged compared to the faces of the deposed Bulgarian leaders. Looking up at the centre of the auditorium, a yellow hammer and sickle can be seen, dulled by time but at the same time, retaining an almost glow like quality. The centre of the room also had another unexpected quality. Standing directly beneath the hammer and sickle and speaking out loud, my voice seemed to echo and reverberate around the building several times, as if I had my own backing group. Strangely though, this effect was only audible from the centre, and only affected noise made here.

    rubble and insulation on stair case

    In order to avoid contamination, don’t visit.

    Hammer and Sickle

    Having decided to indulge in a celebratory Coca Cola underneath the hammer and sickle we went of to explore more of the building. The outer corridor, with its wide panorama windows (the glazing long since gone) echoed the UFO vibe a visitor gets from the outside. Outside nothing could be seen but clouds, giving the impression that perhaps we were indeed in a flying saucer, hiding in the clouds far above the earth below.

    Coke and Communism

    Coca Cola – a Red Empire that’s lasted

    Outer corridor, Buzludzha

    Window looking down, Buzludzha

    Quite a drop…

    Outer corridor

    VERY eery…

    At this stage, still busy taking photographs of almost anything we could, we ran into a group of Bulgarian free-runners who had been exploring the building and we headed off into the basement with them, torches in hand. Here alas, thanks to rain, dust and god knows what else encrusting my camera lens, and torch lights flashing around, you will have to imagine the scene rather than rely on my photographs. The basement is pitch black and requires a torch to explore. Equipment racks lie empty, doors trampled down, toilets ripped out and taken away and with rubbish and debris littered around. It also smells, and was very wet with several routes blocked off by water. One room seemed to be entirely covered with dead flies….We found the stairs/ladder to the top of the tower attached to the main building, but elected not to climb, given there would be no viability outside and that our hands were going numb with cold. And so, and several hours after we arrived, and with a final look round the auditorium, we left, back through the hole in the wall to make our way back to the hostel, stopping to pose by another typically understated piece of communist art on the road just down from the main complex before heading off in high spirits back to Veliko Tarnova and the hostel.

    Buzludzha Basement - dead flies



    Its dark…

    Understated I'm sure you'll agree...

    Understated I’m sure you’ll agree…

    I felt energised again. The lack of sleep was no longer a problem. My failure to keep to any sort of schedule was not a problem. Rain, strange locations and confusingly labeled public transport were no longer a problem either.

    This is why I’m here, this is why I’m doing what I’m doing, and not even reading articles about asbestosis is going to make me regret it…

2 Responsesso far.

  1. […] A. No.3 Red Star Belgrade v Partizan Belgrade (read about it here) No.2 Seeing all the monuments and ruins in Uzbekistan. In particular the courtyard of the Kalyan Mosque in Bukhara. (thoughts on Uzbekistan here) No.1 The crazy post-apocalyptical feeling ruins at Buzludzha. (many more photos here) […]

  2. […] rise on a deserted sand-dune in the Moroccan desert 8 years ago, the haunted surreal space that is Buzludzha, the Aya Sophia, gazing out from a train at the Kazakh desert at twilight, the majestic mosques of […]

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